North Korean state-sponsored hackers are trying to steal bitcoin to evade sanctions, report says.
Ryan Browne CNBC NEWS
North Korean hackers targeted at least three South Korean cryptocurrency exchanges, according to cyber security firm FireEye
Hackers used spear phishing techniques and dispersed malware to obtain virtual cash The move could be an attempt to avoid sanctions and fund Kim Jong Un’s regime
North Korea is trying to steal bitcoin and other virtual currencies to avoid sanctions and fund Kim Jong Un’s regime, according to a report.
The report, published Monday by cyber security firm FireEye, found that North Korean hackers had targeted at least three South Korean cryptocurrency exchanges with the suspected aim of stealing the digital tokens.
According to FireEye, hackers used spear phishing – a fraudulent method of sending emails to make them look like they were sent by someone you know – and dispersed malware to obtain virtual cash illicitly. Hackers affiliated with the country have previously been accused of using cyber-attacks to target banks.
FireEye logged suspicious activity affecting the exchanges over several months. In April, four wallets on the Seoul-based cryptocurrency exchange Yapizon were compromised, but could not be clearly linked to North Korean involvement. Later in May, the firm monitored a spear phishing attack that successfully compromised an exchange.
Governments responding to cryptocurrency boom
Bitcoin has surged in both price and popularity this year, and reached an all-time high of $5,103 earlier this month.
But the asset is highly volatile, and saw its value dip more than $1,000 within the space of three days following China’s decision to ban initial coin offerings (ICOs), which allow start-ups to raise funds by selling new digital currencies.
The Chinese government took a notably harsher stance on Monday, after it was widely reported local bitcoin exchanges would be shut down by authorities. This saw the price hit a low of $4,108 Monday. On Tuesday bitcoin recovered somewhat, and was trading at $4,342 at 1pm London time, up 3.66 percent.
“As bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have increased in value in the last year, nation states are beginning to take notice,” Luke McNamara, senior cyber threat intelligence analyst at FireEye, wrote in the report. Several governments have shown increasing interest in virtual currencies as they move out of the periphery and into the mainstream. The U.S. government for instance has signaled that securities law could apply to ICOs.
Meanwhile, Estonia has said it wants to launch its own cryptocurrency, called “estcoin”, via a state-backed ICO. Australia has also proposed legislation which would bring digital currency exchange providers under the remit of its government financial intelligence agency, in an effort to clamp down on money laundering and other illicit activities.
“Consequently, it should be no surprise that cryptocurrencies, as an emerging asset class, are becoming a target of interest by a regime that operates in many ways like a criminal enterprise,” McNamara added.
“While at present North Korea is somewhat distinctive in both their willingness to engage in financial crime and their possession of cyber espionage capabilities, the uniqueness of this combination will likely not last long-term as rising cyber powers may see similar potential. Cyber criminals may no longer be the only nefarious actors in this space.”
North Korea could be pursuing bitcoin to evade sanctions
The United Nations Security Council approved a resolution to step up sanctions against North Korea Monday.
The country has faced increasing international trade pressure following its decision to conduct a missile test over Japan earlier this month.
But according to the report, sanctions “could be driving” North Korea’s interest in cryptocurrencies.
FireEye said the country could be attempting to obtain hard cash in exchange for stolen virtual coins in order to fund the regime.
The value of bitcoin alone has climbed by 350 percent since the start of the year.
The UN’s sanctions resolution was subsequently rejected by North Korea.